Warehouse layout and pallet racking design are important factors that impact the efficiency and productivity of a warehouse. A well-designed warehouse layout can help to optimize storage space, improve workflow, and reduce operational costs. Here are some common warehouse layouts and pallet racking designs:
Of course, once the facility is up and running it is more challenging to make changes, so getting the design correct from the start is important. With that said in some situations it can be beneficial to stage a project if you are unsure how some workflows or processes will develop.
The first thing to consider is what you are going to store it could be six thousand identical pallets or fifty different items but the basic design principles are the same. Just like the old saying a place for everything and everything in its place!
The next thing to consider is to access how often will we need to access which items, for some businesses may need instant access to thousands of items others will be able to archive most of their stored inventory. The most efficient space storage is to block stack everything into a neat pile with no gaps but of course, if you need the item at the back at the bottom it means moving everything.
So we work backward from this for palletised goods the next highest density storage system is drive-in pallet racking. This is not suitable if you need access to every pallet so then a narrow aisle APR system offers the next best density.
There are several issues to consider building size, fire doors, forklift truck specification, etc. The best way forward is often to get a basic design and then ask a professional storage equipment and warehouse design team to look at your basic design and come up with other ideas.
This allows you to start to understand the design process as the information you will provide on the needs of your business makes you the most important member of the design team for your warehouse layouts and pallet racking design.
Types of Pallet Racking
Single Aisle: In a single aisle layout, pallet racks are arranged in a single row with a single aisle for picking and replenishment. This layout is suitable for small warehouses with limited floor space.
Double Aisle: In a double aisle layout, pallet racks are arranged in two parallel rows with a central aisle for picking and replenishment. This layout is suitable for medium-sized warehouses.
Drive-in: In a drive-in layout, pallet racks are arranged in multiple rows with narrow aisles between them. Forklifts drive into the rows to pick up and store pallets. This layout is suitable for high-density storage of large quantities of the same type of product.
Push-back: In a push-back layout, pallet racks are arranged in multiple rows with inclined rails. Pallets are loaded from one side and pushed back by subsequent pallets, allowing for high-density storage of multiple products.
Flow: In a flow layout, pallet racks are arranged with gravity rollers, allowing pallets to flow down the rack toward the picking end. This layout is suitable for high-volume, low-SKU picking operations.
Mezzanine: A mezzanine layout involves the installation of a raised platform above the warehouse floor, allowing for additional storage space. Pallet racks can be installed on the mezzanine floor or underneath it.
When designing a warehouse layout and pallet racking system, it is important to consider factors such as the type of products being stored, the volume of inventory, the size and shape of the warehouse, and the flow of material through the warehouse. An effective warehouse layout and pallet racking design can help to optimize space, reduce labor costs, and improve productivity.
Talk to the Experts
Here at 2h Storage Solutions, we can help you with warehouse layouts and pallet racing designs. Get in touch below for a free site survey and advice.
Tel: 01937 585057
Email: enquires (at) 2hssl (dot) com